Subject-Verbs Agreements

Subject-Verb Agreement

The subject and verb moke together the sense of a sentence meaningful. In a sentence, the verb must always.agree with its subject number and person.When the subject is in
singular form, the verb must be in singular form and when the subject is in plural form, the verb must be plural form.
For example,
1.The king and the queen are merciful.
2. l am working on writing assignment.
3. The family have purchased new house.
4. All the children have performed well.
In Sentences 1 and 2, the vertices are in singular form their subjects are in singular form. Similarly in sentences 3 and 4, the verbs are in plural form as their subjects are in plural
form.

Singular Subjects that look Plural

1 Some subjects seem to be plural but they are used as singular. Such subjects take
singular verbs.
For example
(a) The mathematics is an interesting subject.
(b) The news was so hot that everybody wanted to read it.
Words like mumps, economics, physics, mathematics, optics, news, measles, rabies, diabetes, athletics, electronics, genetics, mechanics are examples of such subjects.
2. When a pair of proper nouns stands for one subject, it takes a singular verb.
For example;
(a) Pride and Prejudice is a famous novel.
(b) Reid and Taylor is a famous brand.
3. Two nouns joined with and, referring to the same person or thing, or suggesting one idea take a singular verb.
For example;
(a) The great poet and dramatist of the town is eighty years old. ( some person)
(b) Bread and butter is children’s favourite meal.
4. When the subject is a unit of measurement or a mathematical equation, the verb is
used in singular form.
For example;
(a) Twenty years is a long time to wait.
(b) Two kilograms is enough for me.
5. When two singular subjects are joined by either….or, or neither..nor, they take a singular verb.
For example;
(a) Either you or your friend has done this.
(b) Neither Rajat nor Rohit is to be blamed.
But, if the subjects are different in number/person, the verb is according subject nearer to the verb.
For Example; 
(a) Either you or your friend has done this.
(b) Neither you nor I was willing to go.
6. When two subjects are joined by as well as or with the verb is according to the first
subject.
For example;
(a) He as well as his brother is naughty.
(b) The king with his soldier has arrived.
7. Pronouns like each,either, neither, another, anybody, anyone, anything, everybody, none, nobody, nothing, somebody, someone, something, take verbs in singular form
For example;
(a) Neither of the books is good.
(b) Everything depends on our efforts.
Subjects that are Plural
1. Pronouns like both, many, any, few, several are in plural form and take plural verbs.
For example;
(a) Many have tried to prove themselves.
(b) Few have succeeded.

2. Two and more singular nouns joined by and make a

plural subject.They take a plural verb.
For example;
(a) Delhi and Mumbai are the most polluted cities of India.
(b) The Taj Mahal and the Red Fort were built by Shah Jahan.
3. Nouns like trousers, socks, pants, shorts, riches, binoculars, scissors,drawers are always plural and ‘therefore’ take plural verbs.
For example;
(a) Your binoculars look good.
(b) These scissors are not sharp enough.
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