Tenses

Tenses

You are familiar with the term ‘tense‘. It is the form of verb which shows the time of
action happening or doing).
For example:
He writes a letter. (Present Tense)
He wrote a letter.  (Past Tense)
He will write a letter.  (Future Tense)

Kinds of Tenses

Observe the following chart
Present TensePast TenseFuture Tense
Present Indefinite

Subject + V1 + s/es + Object

Example: He writes a letter.

Past Indefinite

Subject + V2 + Object

Example: He wrote a letter.

Future Indefinite

Subject + will/shall + V1 + Object

Example: He will write a letter.

Present Continuous

Subject + has + V3 + Object

Example: He is writing a letter.

Past Continuous

Subject + was + V1 + ing + Object

Example: He was writing a letter.

Future Continuous

Subject + will be/shall be + V1 + ing + Object

Example: He will be writing a letter.

Present Perfect

Subject + has + V3 + Object

Example: He has written a letter.

Past Perfect

Subject + had + V3 + Object

Example: He had written a letter.

Future Perfect

Subject + will have/shall have + V3 + Object

Example: He will have written a letter.

Present Perfect Continuous

Subject + has been + V1 + ing + Object

Example: He has been writing a letter.

Past Perfect Continuous

Subject + had been + V1 + ing + Object

Example: He had been writing letter.

Future Perfect Continuous

Subject + will have been + V1 + ing + Object

Example: He will have been writing letter.

As you see, tenses are of three kinds:
1. Present Tense:
It Indicates that the action is done or being done at the present time.
He writes a letter.
He is writing a letter.
He has written a letter.
He has been writing a letter.
2. Past Tense:
It indicates that the action was done or was being done in the past time.
He wrote a letter.
He was writing a letter.
He had written a letter.
He had been writing letter.
3. Future Tense:
It indicates that the action will be done in the future time.
He will write a letter.
He will be writing a letter.
He will have written a letter.
He will have been writing letter
`
Each of these three kinds has further four forms as follows:
(a) Indefinite form: It shows a habitual action
He writes a letter.      (present)
He wrote a letter.      (past)
He will write a letter.  (future)
(b) Continuous form: It shows an action in progress.
He is writing a letter.    (present)
He was writing a letter    (past)
He will be writing a letter.    (future)
(c) Perfect form: It shows a complete action.
He has written a letter.  (present)
He had written a letter.  (past)
He will have written a letter.  (future)
(d) Perfect continuous form: It shows an action that started in the past at a given time and is continuous up to the present or expected to continued in the future.
He has been writing a letter.  (present)
He had been writing a letter.  (past)
He will have been writing a letter.  (future)

Disclaimer

Due care has been taken to ensure that the information provided in this content is correct. However, Preprise bear no responsibility for any damage resulting from any inadvertent omission or inaccuracy in the content. Help us to improve Preprise.com: Contact us.