(b) Modal Auxiliary (can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, ought to, used to, need, dare, must).
Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
Some verbs in sentences require objects and some others do not require objects to complete the sense of sentences. On this basis, verbs are of two kinds: Transitive Verbs
and Intransitive Verbs.
1. Transitive Verbs: The verb that transmits or transfers the meaning to the object of the sentence or the words that follow the verb is called a Transitive Verb.
My father bought. (What – No answer, Incomplete)
My father bought a car. (What – a car complete sense)
Here the verb bought passes or transfer its meaning to the word ‘a car’ that follows (object). Only then it makes complete sense. Thus, the verb ‘bought’ is used transitively. 2. Intransitive Verb: The verb that does not pass over or transmit or transfer meaning to the object of the sentence of the words that follow the verb is called an transitive Verb.
The child laughed.
The truth triumphs.
Here the verbs ‘laughed‘ and ‘triumphs‘ do not pass over their meanings. They do not require an object to complete their meaning. Thus, the verbs ‘laughed and triumphs are used intransitively.
Verbs of Incomplete Predication
Look at the sentences given below:
The girl looked conscious.
He is a good coach.
Here, the verbs ‘looked’ and ‘is do not take an object and are ‘therefore’ intransitive, yet their sense is incomplete. They need the help of their last parts after the verb to make complete sense. like ‘conscious’ and a ‘good coach’ respectively. Such verbs (Transitive and Intransitive verbs) which need the help of some words to complete the sense of the sentence are called the Verbs of Incomplete Predication.
Complement of the Verb
The word or group of words, which completes the sense of a sentence is called the Complement of the verb.
For example: She found the story very interesting.
Here, ‘very interesting‘ is the object complement of the object ‘the story‘
Transitive Verbs may take two objects: Direct object and indirect object.
1. Brother gave a pen to me.
2. He borrowed a book from me.
The answer to the question, verb + what is the direct object and the answer to question,
verb + whom is the indirect object.
What is given? pen (Direct object)
To whom? me (Indirect object)
Note that the direct object is usually a non-living thing and the indirect object is usually a person, animal or living thing.
Verbs that take two objects are also called Ditransitive Verbs.
1. He denied the allegation put on her.
2. She gave bangles to me.
Verbs like allow, deny, give, lend, save, tell,advance, feed, hand, loan, show, write are examples of ditransitive verbs.
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