|Area||22, 327 sq. km.|
|Boundries||Nagaland in North, Myanmar in South. Mizoram in South West. Myanmar in East and Assam in West.|
|Decadal Growth Rate (2001-2011)||24.5%|
|Child Sex ratio||936|
|Percentage of Rural Population||70.8%|
|Percentage of Urban Population||29.2%|
|Number of districts||09|
|Number of Cities||33|
|Number of Villages||2,199|
|State Day||21 January|
|Establishment||21st January 1972|
|State Bird||Mrs.Hume’s Pheasant|
|State Flower||Shirui Lily|
|First Chief Minister||M.Koireng Singh|
|First Governor||Braj Kumar Nehru|
History of Manipur
- The recorded history of Kingship started from 33 AD which marks the coronation of
- Pakhamba, considered to be the first king of Manipur. He was also known a “Yavishti”.
- Suyol Tonfunk, son of Pakhamba, began a new way to keep record of time,
- In 1542, the king of Manipur won the region beyond the river “Ningathi which caused clash with China.
- Manipur defeated China in 1631, The king of Manipur called himself Khagemba i.e. who defeated China.
- Khagemba died in 1651. During his period Polo sports of Manipur became popular.
- The status of the administrator was raised from Chief Commissioner to the status of Lt. Governor with effect from 19th December 1969.
- Manipur attained full-fledged statehood on 21 January, 1972.
Administration of Manipur
- Legislature – only one house Legislative Council.
- Members in Legislative Assembly – 60
- Number of members elected for Lok Sabha –2
- Number of members elected for Rajya Sabha – 1
- Judiciary – High Court situated at There is a bench of High Court in Imphal.
Geography of Manipur
- Frontier State: Nagaland in North, Myanmar in South, Mizoram in Southwest, Myanmar in East and Assam in West.
- Climate – Subtropical to temperate.
- Main rivers of the State – Imphal/ Manipur other rivers – Ireella, Thobal, Nambul.
- Maximum part of Manipur is hilly made up of tertiary stone.
- Manipur is situated to the east of Barail range.
- Loktak lake is situated in the mid valley of the State. Its area in general season is about 96 sq. km. and it becomes 240 sq. km. in rainy season.
- There is a Thanga island in Loktak lake, which is habitat of fishermen.
- Imphal river flows in chin hills and in Kali Ghati. It finally merges with Chindwin river of Myanmar.
- Barak flows from the North to South West corner of the state, then it takes a sharp turn to the north and flows into Kachchar and Somari Valleys upto 60 cm and finally joins Brahamputra.
- Mainly four types of forests are found in the East.
- Tropical semi evergreen forest.
- Tropical wet monsoon forest.
- Subtropical forest of Oak.
- Dry temperate forest.
Forest of Manipur
- The Dzuko Valley is also the only habitat of the endemic and the rarest species dzuko Lily (Liluim Chitangade).
- The state is also the only home of the Brow-Antlered Deer (Cervus eldi eldi) locally known as Sangai surviving in its natural habitat.
- The Keibul Lamjao, is only floating National Park in the world
- Keibul Lamjao National Park, established in 1975, is situated in Imphal and Vishnupur district in an area of 40 sq. km.
- Keibul Lamjao means the vast region with tiger population. The Sangai (Thamin) or one horned dancing deer resides here.
- Besides Sangai deer wild bear, Civet cat and other animals roam about on the land and in the wet hubs and plants.
- The Second National Park of the state is Sirohi National Park, situated 5 km away from the district headquarter Ukhrool and spreaded in an area of 41 sq.km. in hilly region.
- Tiger Leopard, Buffaloes are the main animal roaming in the National Park while Tregopane, other faizent types birds are also found.
Economy of Manipur
- Main Crop – Rice
- Other Crops – Wheat, Maize, Pulses.
- Fruits – Pineapples, Orange, Banana. Mango etc.
- Forest Production – Teak, Juijan, Oak, Bamboo etc,
- Main Power Projects – Loktak, Kopili, Khandog, Doyang, Rangn adi, Kathalguri Leimkhong etc.
Industries of Manipur
- Handloom is the most popular traditional industry providing maximum employment in the state.
- Industrial units include steel sheet mill, Manipur electronic development corporation, plywood factory etc.
- Manipur Drug and Pharmaceutical limited has been established at Nilkooti of Imphal district in 1993 with the help of Hindustan Antibiotics Limited, Pune.
Transport of Manipur
- Imphal, the capital of Manipur is joined by road (NH-39) with Nagaland on the North and Myanmar on the East. On the West by Assam with NH-53 and Mizoram on the South by NH-150.
- Dimapur, 215 km from Imphal is the nearest rail head.
- Imphal airport is the only airport which is linked with other stations in the region by Indian Airlines, Jet Airways and Alliance Air.
Society & Culture of Manipur
- People in Manipur Valley are called ‘Mithi’.
- The state is considered as the birthplace of Polo.
- Manipuri dance is a classical dance form of India.
- The books like ‘Leithak Likharo’, ‘Panthobi Khongoon’ were written in 16th and 17th century.
- Panthobi was a name of Lord Shiva’s wife Parvati.
- ‘Garib Newaj’ had written a book “Lakshmi Charita’’.
- Manipuri language is also known as ‘Maitei’.
- The famous dance of Manipur is called Ras. It is of four types
- Kunj Ras
- Maha Ras
- Basant Mere Ras
- Nat Ras
In them the numbers of Krishna and gopis are generally eight.
- Manipuri Folk dance “Thabal Changba” means dancing in moon light.
- Gaur Leela is a dance form based on the leela of Chaitanya Prabhu.
- Chaitanya is also known as ‘Gaurang’ in this state. Here, he is worshipped as God.
- Among folk songs – Dhobigeet and Manohar Sai are very popular.
- Lai Haroba is sung at Basan totshava.
- Pena-Ishei is sung with an musical instrument made up of a thread named
- In Mridanga dance 14 dancer dance with Mridanga.
- Yaoshang (Holi) is a very important festival of Manipur.
- Other festivals are
- lal Haroba
- Rasa Leela
- Idul Fitre
- Imoinu Iratpa
- Gaan Ngai
- Idul Zuha
- Durga Puja
- kut and Christmas
Tourism of Manipur
Some important tourist centers in the state are:
- Shri Govindajee temple
- Khwairambad Bazar (Ima Keithal)
- War Cemeteries
- Saheed Minar
- Nupi Lan (Wo- men’s war) Memorial Complex
- Khonghampat Orchidarium
- INA memorial (Moirang)
- Loktak Lake
- Keibul Lamjao National Park
- Bishnu temple at Bishnupur Sendra
- Siroy village
- Siroy Hills
- Dzuko Valley
- State Museum
- Kania tourist Home
- Khongion war memorial